Pengaruh Temperatur Pirolisis terhadap Kinetik Rate dan Volume Tar pada Limbah Serbuk Kayu Mahoni

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21070/r.e.m.v4i1.1782

Author (s)


(1) * Purbo Suwandono   (Teknik Mesin Universitas Widyagama Malang)  
        Indonesia
(2)  Andy Hardianto   (Teknik Industri Universitas Widyagama Malang)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Pyrolysis is an alternative technology that is a method for obtaining hydrocarbon energy sources. This technology is a combustion technology without involving O2 in the combustion process. The source of fuel from pyrolysis comes from renewable resources such as biomass / plants. Wood powder itself can be obtained from wood waste around us, so wood powder which is a biomass can also be used as raw material in the pyrolysis process. So far wood waste has only been used as a medium for planting mushrooms and fires. Whereas the use of wood waste in the manufacture of liquid smoke and charcoal has received attention in recent years, which can be produced by the pyrolysis method. The hypothesis of the study is that the higher the temperature, the higher the kinetic rate and volume of tar. this is because the energy given to biomass is also higher. The research method is to pyrolyze the material into the pyrolyzer machine with temperature variations, and later the reaction rate kinetic of the formed tar will be calculated. From this study we can conclude a number of things, namely: The higher the temperature of the volume of tar produced will be more numerous where the maximum volume obtained at a temperature of 500oC is 72 ml, but at very high temperatures the tar volume decreases because a lot of gas is formed. The higher the heating temperature, the kinetic rate that occurs in the decomposition of mahogany wood will also be faster, this has been validated the accuracy of the kinetic rate that occurs by comparing the actual volume with the volume of calculation results. The higher the heating temperature, the activation energy (Ea) and the exponential factor (A) will be smaller.



Keywords

Tar; Pirolisis; Kayu Mahoni; Kinetic Rate; Temperature



Full Text: Untitled PDF



References


[1] J. Rath, “Heat of Wood Pyrolysis,” Fuel, vol. 82, pp. 81–91, 2002.

[2] P. Basu, “Biomass Gasification and Pyrolysis Prac-2010.

[3] B. V. Babu and A. S. Chaurasia, “Pyrolysis of biomass: improved models for simultaneous kinetics and transport of heat, mass and momentum,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 1297–1327, 2004.

[4] Brebu, “Thermal Degradation of Lignin.” Romania: Petru Poni Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, 2009, pp. 700 487–700 487.

[5] I. Fatimah, “Pengaruh Laju Pemanasan terhadap Komposisi Biofuel Hasil Pirolisis Serbuk Kayu,” Jurnal Logika, vol. 1, no. 1, 2004.

[6] D. L. Klass, “Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals,” and others, Ed., vol. 30. Academic Press, 1998, pp. 30, 233, 239, 276–277.

[7] J. Piskorz, D. S. Scott, and D. Radlien, “Composition of oils obtained by fast pyrolysis of different woods,” and others, Ed. American Chemical Society, 1988, pp. 167–178.

[8] Isroi et al., “Biological Pretreatment of Lignocellu- loses With White-Rot Fungi and Its Applications: A Review,” Bioresources, 2011.

[9] A. V. Bridgwater, “Principles and practice of biomass fast pyrolysis processes for liquids,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Physics, vol. 51, no. 1-2, pp. 3–22, 1999.

[10] H. Saptoadi et al., “Utilization of Plastics Waste Oil as Partial Substitute for Kerosene in Pressurized Cookstoves,” International Journal of Environmental Science and Development, vol. 6, no. 5, 2015.

[11] R. F. Probstein and R. E. Hicks, “Synthetic Fuels,” and others, Ed., vol. 63. Dover Publications, 2006, pp. 63, 98–99.

[12] J. D. Rocha, S. D. Brown, G. D. Love, and C. E. Snape, “Hydropyrolysis: a versatile technique for solid fuel liquefaction, sulfur speciation, and biomarker release,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 40, pp. 91–103, 1997.

[13] K. Kudo and E. Yoshida, “The decomposition process of wood constituents in the course of carbonization I: the decomposition of carbohydrate and lignin in Mizunara,” Journal of the Japan Wood Research Society, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 125–127, 1957.

[14] A. Broido, “Kinetics. Kinetic of Solid – Phase Cellulose Pyrolysis. Thermal User and Properties of Carbohydrates and Lignin,” pp. 19–35, 1976.


Article View

Abstract views : 46 times | Untitled files viewed : 0 times | PDF files viewed : 10 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.21070/r.e.m.v4i1.1782




Copyright (c) 2019 Purbo Suwandono; Andy Hardianto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.