Freedom of the Press In the Scope of Human Rights

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21070/jihr.v1i1.96

Author (s)


(1) * Sri Ayu Astuti   (Dept. of Constitutional Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo, Majapahit St. 666 B, Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Freedom of expression and press freedom is the embodiment of the recognition of human rights. Freedom of expression is also the existence of press to disclose the news with honesty and do not get a pressure to deliver the news to the public space, which in news production is known as a work of journalism. Now the  press has gained freedom of expression in the news production process which is guaranteed in the state constitution. Although Article 28 of the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia 1945 does not point directly at the press, However, Article 28 F emphasis on processing and storage as well as ownership, excavations to information. It also contains provisions on the freedom of expression of others, which should be valued and respected. It shows equality for everyone in his position before the law in accordance with Article 27 1945 Constitution, which emphasizes the recognition of constitutional rights that belong to every person in the state of law in the Republic of Indonesia. Thus the press, which have freedom of expression in the writings of journalistic works are required to be responsible for the published news. So as not to face the legal issues and criminalization, then press should perform tasks and functions to enforce ethics as the precautionary principle when processing the news and broadcast it to the public space, as well as upholding human rights. How To Cite: Astuti, S. (2014). Freedom of the Press In the Scope of Human Rights. Rechtsidee, 1(1), 101-118. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.21070/jihr.v1i1.96


Keywords

freedom of the press, human rights; kebebasan berekspresi pers; hak asasi manusia;



Full Text: (PDF) FULLTEXT INDONESIA (HTML) FULLTEXT INDONESIA



References


Adji, Oemar Seno. Pers, Aspek-Aspek Hukum,. Jakarta: Erlangga, 2005.

Basah, Syachran. Tiga Tulisan Tentang Hukum. Bandung: Armico, 1986.

Efendi, A. Masyhur. Dimensi, Dinamika Hak Asasi Manusia. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1984.

Fajri, EM Zul, and Ratu Aprilia Senja. Kamus Lengkap Bahasa Indonesia,. Surabaya: Difa Publisher, 2009.

Harahap, Krisna. Pasang Surut Kemerdekaan Pers Di Indonesia. Bandung: Grafitri, 2003.

Idris, Shaffat. Kebebasan, Tanggungjawab Dan Penyimpangan Pers,. Jakarta: Prestasi Pustaka, 2008.

Lubis, Mochtar. Pers Dan Wartawan. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka, 1963.

Manan, Bagir. Menjaga Kemerdekaan Pers Di Pusaran Hukum. Jakarta: Dewan Pers, 2010.

Simorangkir, J.C.T. Hukum Dan Kebebasan Pers. Bandung: Bina Cipta, 1980.

Solly, Lubis M. Hak-Hak Asasi Menurut UUD 1945, Dalam Padmo Wahyono (ed), Masalah Ketatanegaraan Indonesia Dewasa Ini. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 1984.

Susanto, Astrid S. Pendapat Umum. Bandung: Bina Cipta, 1975.

Ketetapan Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Nomor IV Tahun 1999 Tentang GBHN 1999-2004. Jakarta, Indonesia, 1999.

Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1945 Dalam Satu Naskah. Jakarta, Indonesia: www.mpr.go.id, 2002. https://www.mpr.go.id/pages/produk-mpr/uud-nri-tahun-1945/uud-nri-tahun-1945-dalam-satu-naskah.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 40 Tahun 1999 Tentang Pers. Jakarta, Indonesia: Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Tahun 1999 No. 166, Tambahan Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia No. 3887, 1999.


Article View

Abstract views : 755 times | (PDF) FULLTEXT INDONESIA files viewed : 286 times | (HTML) FULLTEXT INDONESIA files viewed : 589 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.21070/jihr.v1i1.96




Copyright (c) 2014 Rechtsidee

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.