Analisa Psikometris Skala Religiusitas Pada Lansia


Author (s)

(1) * Sofa Amalia   (Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang)  
(*) Corresponding Author


Religiosity is deemed essential for humans, especially when humans entered the elderly. Increased relationship with their religion will improve the health and psychological well-being of the elderly. The purpose of this study is to conduct psychometric analysis of the religiosity scale based on the context of Islamic religion. The sample consisted of 205 elderly with aged criteria above 60 years. This scale was developed based on the multi-dimensional structure of religiosity theory, are: the ideological (acceptance of the belief system); the feeling (subjective and emotional religious experience as an expression of personal religiousness); the ritualistic (participation in religious activities and practices); the intellectual (knowledge of the belief system); and the consequential (ethical consequences of the belief system). The measurement method with reliability test uses Cronbach’s alpha and internal validity measurement using corrected item-total correlation and exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The results show that the scale has consistency and has items that are feasible to explain the variables of religiosity


Religiosity; Elderly

Full Text: PDF


Braam , A.W. , Van Den Edden , P. , Prince , M.J. , Beekman , A.T.F. , Kivela , S.L. , Lawlor , B.A., et al . (2001). Religion as a cross-cultural determinant of depression in elderly Europeans: Results from the EUROPED collaboration. Psychological Medicine, 31, 803 –814.

Ellison , C.G. , & Fan, D. (2007). Daily Spiritual Experiences and Psychological Well-being among adults. Social Indicators Research , Online Prepublication, 88, 247–27.

Ellison, C. G. (1991). Religious involvement and subjective well-being. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 32, 80–99.

George , L.K. , Ellison , C.G. , & Larson, D. . (2002). Explaining Relationships between Religious Involvement and Health. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 190–200.

Hill , T. , Burdette , A. , Angel , J. , & Angel, R. ( 2006 ). (2006). Religious Attendance and Cognitive Functioning among Older Mexican Americans. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 61, 3–9.

Jalaluddin. (2008). Psikologi Agama (Ed. Revisi). Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Kaufman , Y. , Anaki , D. , Binns , M. , & Freedman, M. (2007). Cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease: Impact of spirituality, religiosity, and QOL. Neurology, 68, 1509–1514.

Koenig , H.G. , George , L.K. , & Titus, P. (2004). Religion, Spirituality, and Health in Medically ill Hospitalized Older Patients. Journal of the American Geriatrics’ Society, 52(4), 3–13.

Krause, N. (2003). Religious Meaning and Subjective Well-being in Late life. Journal of Gerontology B, 58(3), 160–170.

Reyes-Ortiz , C.A. , Avele , H. , Mulligan , T. , Espino , D.V. , Berges , I.M. , & Markides, K. S. (2006). Higher church attendance predicts lower fear of falling in older Mexican- Americans. Aging and Mental Health, 10(1), 13–18.

Rifqi. (2011). Sikap Terhadap Pornoaksi Pada Mahasiswa Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi ( Stie ) Perbanas Sikap Terhadap Pornoaksi Pada Mahasiswa Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Ekonomi ( Stie ) Perbanas. UIN Syarif Hidayatullah: Skripsi

Smith , T.B. , McCullough , M.E. , & Poll, J. (2003). Religiousness and Depression: Evidence for a Main Effect and the Moderating Influence of Stressful Life Events . Psychological Bulletin, 129 ( 4 ),(4), 614–636.

Subandi. (2016). Psikologi Agama dan Kesehatan Mental. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Thoresen , C.E. , & Harris, A. H. . (2004). Spirituality and Health: What’s the Evidence and What’s Needed. Journal of the American Geriatrics’ Society, 52(4), 554 –562.

Article View

Abstract views : 1007 times | PDF files viewed : 1117 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Sofa Amalia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.