Proporsi Asfiksia Neonatorum pada Kasus KPD dengan Non KPD di RSUD dr. Mohammad Soewandhi Surabaya

Zulfa Rufaida

Abstract


Severe fetal or asphyxia intrauterin can be a result of cord compression and repetitive due to prolonged reduction prolapsus amniotic fluid or umbilical cord. Complications are most common in PROM before 37 weeks gestation is respiratory distress syndrome (asphyxia), which occurs in 10-40% of new born babies. Risk of infection, disability, and death was also increased in the PROM events.

Preliminary study data at hospitals dr. Moh. Soewandhie Surabaya on 1-4 December 2009, showed that in December of 2008, from 16 cases diagnosed 3 cases of PROM asphyxia weight, 3 cases were asphyxia, and 10 cases of mild asphyxia (not asphyxia). According to the register showed that the baby is a case of neonatal asphyxia second largest after low birth weight (LBW) babies.

This research methods, analytical case control study design. Inpartu mother population in maternity hospitals VK dr. Mohamad Soewandhie Surabaya in 2008 some 2101 cases. Sampling techniques proportional stratified random sampling. Large sample of 67 cases. Independent variable, premature rupture of membranes (PROM) and the dependent variable, neonates asphyxia. Instruments used data collection sheets. Sources of data from medical records. Analysis of data using non-parametric statistical approach Chi Square.

The results of 33 cases of maternal inpartu that experience premature rupture of membranes (PROM), had 20.9% asphyxia and from were 34 cases of inpartu mothers who did not KPP, 20.9% experienced not asphyxia. Chi Square test results, X2arhitetic <X2table (1.802 <3.48) means that there is no difference in incidence neonates asphyxia in premature rupture cases (KPP) and no premature rupture of membranes (non – KPP).  

The conclusion of this study, less than 50% of inpartu mothers who experienced premature rupture of membranes (PROM), and more than 50% occurred asphyxia was, and there was no difference in incidence neonates asphyxia in premature rupture cases (KPP) and no premature rupture of membranes (non – KPP).  Based on the data, premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is not a dominant factor causing neonates asphyxia because there are some other factors causing neonates asphyxia. Therefore, further studies should be done about the dominant factor causing neonates asphyxia.


Keywords


Ketuban Pecah Dini; Asfiksia Neonatorum

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agus Abadi, Nadir Abdullah, Erry Gumilar, Hermanto Tri J.,Aditiawarman, Bangun T. Purwaka, Agus Sulistyono. 2008.

Pedoman Diagnosis dan Terapi Bag / SMF Ilmu Kebidanan dan Penyakit Kandungan Edisi III 2008. Surabaya: Rumah Sakit Umum Dokter Soetomo Surabaya.

Badan Litbang Kesehatan. 2009.Perbedaan antara Akses Pelayanan Kesehatan, Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi terhadap Kematian Maternal dan Bayi di Indonesia. Diakses 16 Oktober 2009.

Cunningham, F. Gary, Kenneth J. Lenovo, James M. Alexander. Steven L. Bloom, Brian M. Casey, Jodi S. Dashe. 2005.

Obstetri Williams Edisi 21. Alih bahasa, Andry Hartono dkk, editor bahasa Indonesia, Huriawati Hartono.Jakarta: EGC.

Friedman. 1998. Seri Skema Diagnosis dan Penatalaksanaan Obstetri Edisi Kedua.Alih bahasa Widjaja Kusuma; editor, Lyndon Saputra. Jakarta: Bina Rupa

Hidayat, Aziz Alimul. 2005. Pengantar Ilmu Keperawatan Anak 1. Edisi 1. Jakarta: Salemba Medika.

Junadi, Purnawan. 1995. Pengantar Analisis Data. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Kosim, Dharmasetiawati. 2008.

Buku Ajar Neonatologi. Jakarta: IDAI. Leveno, Kenneth J., F. Gary Cunningham,James M. Alexander. Steven L. Bloom, Brian M. Casey, Jodi S.Dashe. 2007.

Williams Manual of Obstetrics Pregnancy Complications 22nd Edition. Texas:Mc Graw Hill Medical. Manuaba, Ida Bagus Gde. 1998.

Ilmu Kebidanan, Penyakit Kandungan, & Keluarga Berencana untuk Pendidikan Bidan. Jakarta: EGC _____________________. 2007.Pengantar Kuliah Obstetri. Jakarta: EGC.

Nelson, Waldo E., Richard E. Behrman,Robert M. Kliegman, Ann. M.Arvin. 1999. Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Nelson Volume 1 Edisi 15; editor bahasa Indonesia: Samik Wahab, Noerhayati, Hardiyanto Soebono, Sonarto, Sunartini, M. Juffrie. Jakarta: EGC.

Nursalam 2003. Konsep dan Penerapan Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Kesehatan. Jakarta : Salemba Medika

Pillitteri, Adele. 2002. Buku Saku Perawatan Kesehatan Ibu dan Anak.Alih bahasa Yasmin Asih, etal. editor bahasa Indonesia Endah Pakaryaningsih. Jakarta: EGC.

Pranoto, Ibnu. 2003. Luaran Perinatal pada Seksio Sesarea dengan Anastesi Spinal dan Anastesi Umum – Skripsi. Jogyakarta: FK – UGM. Rudolp. 2006.

Buku Ajar Pediatrik.Jakarta: EGC. Saifuddin, Abdul Bari. 2008.

Ilmu Kebidanan Sarwono Prawiroharjdo. Jakarta: Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawiroharjdo. __________________. 2002.

Buku Acuan Nasional Pelayanan Kesehatan Maternal dan Neonatal. Jakarta:Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawiroharjdo.

Sucianto, Agus. 2009.Skripsi. Hubungan Antara Lama Masa Laten Ketuban Pecah Dini Dengan Morbiditas Perinatal Di Rsud Sragen. Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.

Staf Pengajar Ilmu Kesehatan Anak FK –UI. 1985. Buku Kuliah 3 Ilmu Kesehatan Anak. Jakarta: Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Anak FK – UI.

Widjanako, Bambang. 2009. Ketuban Pecah Dini. http://E:/skripsi/ketuban-pecahdini-dr.htm. disitasi tanggal 16 Desember 2009.

Wiknjosastro, Hanifa. 2005. Ilmu Kebidanan Sarwono Prawiroharjdo Edisi Ketiga. Jakarta: Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawiroharjdo.

www.depkes.go.id.Kemenkes RI. 2009. Diakses 09 Desember 2009. Zainuddin, Muhamad. 2000.

Metodologi Penelitian. Surabaya: Bagian FKIKM – UNAIR.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21070/mid.v2i1.762

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Jurnal Kebidanan Midwiferia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

View My Stats

 

Flag Counter