Prevalensi Hepatitis B pada Komunitas Pria Homoseksual di Kota Bandung

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21070/medicra.v2i1.2230

Author (s)


(1) * Patricia Gita Naully   (Stikes Jenderal Achmad Yani)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Bandung is a city with the highest homosexual number in West Java. Homosexual is a
term for someone having a sexual attraction to the same gender. The homosexual male
community is more open to the public than the homosexual female. One of the health
problems that is often suffered by the homosexual male community in various countries
is Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) such as Hepatitis B. However, until now, the
prevalence data of Hepatitis B in the community are very difficult to find in Indonesia. This
study aimed to decide the prevalence of Hepatitis B in the homosexual male community
in Bandung. The sample used in this study was 40 people. All samples were homosexual
males fulfilling the inclusion criteria. The presence of Hepatitis B virus Surface Antigen
(HBsAg) was detected by sandwich qualitative Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
(ELISA) method. Laboratory test results showed that 13 homosexual males were infected
by the Hepatitis B virus. The majority of the sufferers have had risky sexual relations, such
as changing partners, not using a condom, doing anal and oral sex. In addition, based on
the interview results, it was known that all infected people have not received the hepatitis
B vaccination when they are adult. Moreover, based on this study, it can be concluded
that the prevalence of Hepatitis B in the homosexual male community in Bandung was
32.5%.


Keywords

ELISA, HBsAg, homoseksual



Full Text: PDF



References


Baars, J. E., Boon, B. J., Garretsen, H. F., & van de Mheen, D. (2011). The reach of a hepatitis B vaccination programme among men who have sex with men. The European Journal of Public Health, 21(3), 333–337. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckq117

Dah, T. T. E., Couderc, C., Coulibaly, A., Kouame, M. J.-B., Agboyibor, M. K., Traore, I., … CohMSM Study Group. (2019). Hepatitis B virus prevalence and vaccination in men who have sex with men in West Africa (CohMSM ANRS 12324 – Expertise France). Open Forum Infectious Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofz249

De-Carolis, C., Boyd, G., Mancinelli, L., Pagano, S., & Eramo, S. (2015). Methamphetamine abuse and meth mouth in Europe. Medicina Oral Patología Oral y Cirugia Bucal, e205–e210. https://doi.org/10.4317/medoral.20204

Glynn, T. R., Operario, D., Montgomery, M., Almonte, A., & Chan, P. A. (2017). The Duality of Oral Sex for Men Who Have Sex with Men: An Examination Into the Increase of Sexually Transmitted Infections Amid the Age of HIV Prevention. AIDS Patient Care and STDs, 31(6), 261–267. https://doi.org/10.1089/apc.2017.0027

Ispranoto, T. (2018). Oded: Saya Dengar Info LGBT di Bandung Terbesar di Jabar. Diambil 22 Juni 2019, dari detiknews website: https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-barat/d-4268031/oded-saya-dengar-info-lgbt-di-bandung-terbesar-di-jabar

Jenness, S. M., Begier, E. M., Neaigus, A., Murrill, C. S., Wendel, T., & Hagan, H. (2011). Unprotected Anal Intercourse and Sexually Transmitted Diseases in High-Risk Heterosexual Women. American Journal of Public Health, 101(4), 745–750. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2009.181883

Kassak, K., Mahfoud, Z., Kreidieh, K., Shamra, S., Afifi, R., & Ramia, S. (2011). Hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus infections among female sex workers and men who have sex with men in Lebanon: prevalence, risk behaviour and immune status. Sexual Health, 8(2), 229–233. https://doi.org/10.1071/SH10080

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2014). Estimasi Jumlah Populasi Kunci Terdampak HIV Tahun 2012. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Kigumi, H., Mtullu, S., Mgabo, M., Mahande, M. ., Renju, J., Damian, D. ., & Msuya, S. . (2016). High Prevalence of Syphilis, Hepatitis B and HIV among Men who have Sex with Men in Tanga region, Northern Tanzania. Jacobs Journal of AIDS/HIV, 2(1), 1–8. Retrieved from https://jacobspublishers.com/journals/world-journal-of-stds-and-aids/fulltext/high-prevalence-of-syphilis-hepatitis-b-and-hiv-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-tanga-region-northern-tanzania

Knight, D. A., & Jarrett, D. (2015). Preventive Health Care for Men Who Have Sex with Men. 91(12), 844-851. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26131944

Kudesia, G., & Wreghitt, T. (2009). Clinical and Diagnostic Virology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kurniawati, S. A., Karjadi, T. H., & Gani, R. A. (2017). Faktor - Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Hepatitis C pada Pasangan Seksual Pasien Koinfeksi Human Immunodeficiency Virus dan Virus Hepatitis C. Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia, 2(3), 133-139. https://doi.org/10.7454/jpdi.v2i3.78

Mayer, K. H. (2011). Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Men Who Have Sex With Men. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 53(suppl_3), 79-83. https://doi.org/10.1093/cid/cir696

Oliveira, M. P., Matos, M. A. D., Silva, Á. M. C., Lopes, C. L. R., Teles, S. A., Matos, M. A., … Martins, R. M. B. (2016). Prevalence, Risk Behaviors, and Virological Characteristics of Hepatitis B Virus Infection in a Group of Men Who Have Sex with Men in Brazil: Results from a Respondent-Driven Sampling Survey. PLOS ONE, 11(8), e0160916. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160916

Tseng, Y.-T., Sun, H.-Y., Chang, S.-Y., Wu, C.-H., Liu, W.-C., Wu, P.-Y., … Hung, C.-C. (2012). Seroprevalence of hepatitis virus infection in men who have sex with men aged 18–40 years in Taiwan. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 111(8), 431–438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2011.06.022

Van Houdt, R., Bruisten, S. ., Geskus, R. ., Bakker, M., Wolthers, K. ., Prins, M., & Coutinho, R. (2010). Ongoing transmission of a single hepatitis B virus strain among men having sex with men in Amsterdam. Journal of Viral Hepatitis, 17(2), 108-114. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19811610

Volkow, M. (2013). Research Report Series Methamphetamine. Maryland: National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Wahome, E., Ngetsa, C., Mwambi, J., Gelderblom, H. C., Manyonyi, G. O., Micheni, M., … Sanders, E. J. (2016). Hepatitis B virus incidence and risk factors among HIV-1 negative MSM in Kenya. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 4(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/ofid/ofw253

Wedanthi, P., & Fridari, I. G. A. (2014). Dinamika Kesetiaan Pada Kaum Gay. Jurnal Psikologi Udayana, 1(2), 363–371. Retrieved from https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/psikologi/article/view/25115/16332


Article View

Abstract views : 56 times | PDF files viewed : 58 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.21070/medicra.v2i1.2230




Copyright (c) 2019 Patricia Gita Naully

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.