Efektivitas Anti Bakteri Perasan Bawang Putih (Allium sativum L.) terhadap Pertumbuhan Staphylococcus aureus

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21070/medicra.v1i2.1532

Author (s)


(1) * Siti Mardiyah   (Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Garlic has bioactive compounds that are efficacious as antibacterial (bacteriostatic) in some pathogenic bacteria, which one of them is Staphylococcus aureus. Major antimicrobial component is active on garlic especially allicin. The ability of garlic extract as anti-bacterial because of the combination of alisin and scordinin. Alisin serves as a natural antibiotic capable of killing antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. This paper aims to study the effect of concentration of garlic juice on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and determine the minimum concentration to prevent the growth of the bacteria. This type of research is experimental. The population and sample of this study were culture of pure Staphylococcus aureus grown on MSA medium (Manitol Salt Agar). Total sample of research are 28 samples. Staphylococcus aureus growth data were obtained by indirect observation through laboratory tests. Data analysis techniques used Kruskal-Wallis test with 5% error rate (0,05) and Mann Whitney test through SPSS 17,0 program. The result of anti bacterial test of garlic extract (Allium sativum Linn) with Kruskal-Wallis showed that there was influence of extract concentration of garlic on growth of Staphylococcus aureus (p = 0,000). While Mann - Whitney test results obtained that at 25% concentration is the minimum concentration that effectively prevent the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Therefore it can be concluded that there is influence of extract of garlic juice on growth of Staphylococcus aureus.

 

 

 

 



Keywords

allisin; garlic (Allium sativum L.); Staphylococus aureus



Full Text: PDF



References


Affandi. (2009). Penentuan Konsentrasi Hambat Minimal dan Konsentrasi Bunuh Minimal Larutan Povidon lodium 10%. JIK 3(1), 14-19. Retrieved from download.portalgaruda.org/article.php?article=32241&val=2288.

Afifurrahman, Samadin, K. H. & Aziz, S. (2014). Pola Kepekaan Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus terhadap Antibiotik Vancomycin di RSUP Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. Majalah Kedokteran Sriwijaya, 46(4), 266-270. Retrieved from https://ejournal.unsri.ac.id/index.php/mks/article/view/2716/pdf.

Arisandi, Y. & Andriani, Y. (2011). Khasiat Berbagai Tanaman Untuk Pengobatan. Jakarta: Eksa Media.

Faradiba, S. (2014). Efektifitas Bawang Putih (Allium sativum) dalam Menghambat Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus epidermidis. Skripsi. Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah. Jakarta.

Jasmin, S., Haisya, N. B. S., Wahyu Y, A. N., Arsy, R., & Syafikriatillah, A. R. (2014). Cream Allicin: Ekstrak Bawang Putih sebagai Solusi Pencegahan Keloidosis pada Luka Pasca Operasi Bedah untuk Meningkatkan Kepercayaan Diri. Laporan Akhir PKM-P. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg. (2008). Mikrobiologi Kedokteran Edisi 28. Jakarta: EGC.

Kurniawan, B. & Aryana, W. F. (2015). Binahong (Cassia alata L) as Inhibitor of Escherichia coli Growth. J. Majority, 4(4), 100-104. Retrieved from http://juke.kedokteran.unila.ac.id/index.php/majority/article/view/588/592.

Prihandani, S.S. (2015). Uji Daya Anti Bakteri Bawang Putih (Allium sativum L.) terhadap Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium dan Pesuodomonas aeruginosa dalam Meningkatkan Keamanan Pangan. Informatika Pertanian, 24(1), 53-58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/ip.v24n1.2015.p53-58

Razak, A., Djamal A., & Revilla, G. (2013). Uji Daya Hambat Air Perasan Buah Jeruk Nipis (Citrus aurantifolia S.) terhadap Pertumbuhan Bakteri Staphylococcus aureus Secara In Vitro. Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas, 2(1). Retrieved from http://jurnal.fk.unand.ac.id/index.php/jka/article/view/54.

Salima, J. (2015). Antibacterial Activity of Garlic (Allium sativum L.). J Majority, 4(2), 30-39. Retrieved from http://juke.kedokteran.unila.ac.id/index.php/majority/article/view/523.

Sears, B. W., Spear, L., & Saenz, R. (2011). Intisari Mikrobiologi & Imunologi. Jakarta: EGC.

Utami, E. R. (2011). Antibiotika, Resistensi, Dan Rasionalitas Terapi. El-Hayah, 1(4), 191-198. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18860/elha.v1i4.1783


Article View

Abstract views : 207 times | PDF files viewed : 153 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.21070/medicra.v1i2.1532




Copyright (c) 2018 Medicra (Journal of Medical Laboratory Science/ Technology)

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/bv/4.0/