The Effects of Process-Genre Approach on Academic Writing


Author (s)

(1) * Rabiat Ajoke Alabere   (School of Education and Modern Languages, Universiti Utara Malaysia)  
(2)  Aspalila Shapii   (School of Education and Modern Languages, Universiti Utara Malaysia)  
(*) Corresponding Author


This study intends to find out the effectiveness of Process-genre Approach (PGA) on academic writing in English as a second language Students' essay writing. The purpose of this paper is to determine how far this current global approach can be of benefit for the development of academic writing skills of the university students who are learning English as a second or foreign language. The participants were subjected to pre-test and post-test before and after intervention respectively. The experimental group was taught with the Process-genre approach while the control group was taught with the product (traditional) approach. The two groups went through 6 weeks of training with the differ- ent approach. The participants are university undergraduate students. The groups had 40 students for each. The data was analyzed by using analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) to compare the scores of the experimental group with that of the control group. The findings of the study show that, the experimental group outperformed the control group proving that PGA is effective in teaching academic writing in tertiary institutions. The participants are homogeneous at the beginning of the intervention with no significant difference in the pre-test scores of the two groups while there is significant difference in the post test of the two groups. The PGA group scored higher than the PA group proving that there is an impressive performance of the students in academic essay writing of the PGA group of students. Therefore, PGA is an effective approach to teaching academic writing if properly applied.


Process genre approach; product approach; academic writing; quasi-experimental; quantitative research

Full Text: PDF


Adedimeji, M. A. (2012). The Use of English in Higher Education. Ilorin: The General Studies Division. Basic principles of effective writing in Alabi

Agnes, M. (2015). Process-Genre Approach in Teaching Expository Writing in Secondary ESL. Classes International Journal of Social Science and Humanities Research 3, 187–191

Akinwamide, T. K. (2012). The influence of process approach in ESL students performance in essay writing. Journal of English Language Teaching 5, 16–29

Amasa, S. B. (2014). Writing skills in Saruq S. B. (Ed) Use of English for Proficiency. Ilorin: Department of English Language, CAILS pp 56-74.

Ary, D., Jacobs, L., Sorensen, C., and Walker, D. (2013). Introduction to Research in Education. Cengage Brain

Babalola, H. A. I. (2012). Effects of process-genre bas‘ed approach on the written English performance of computer science students in Nigerian polytechnic. Journal of Education and Practice 3, 1–6

Chokwe, M. J. (2011). Academic writing in English second language contexts: perceptions and experiences of first year university students and tutors. Unpub- lished Thesis

Elton, L. (2010). Academic writing and tacit knowledge. Teaching in Higher Education 15, 151–169

Fauziah, B. I. and Rahim, B. S. (2015). Role of model essays in developing stu- dents writing skills in Malaysian schools: a review of literature, vol. 6 (Rome-Italy: Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences MCSER Publishing)

Gee, K. L. (2011). Unpublished Thesis: a comparison

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Tatham, J. B., and Anderson, R. E. (2010). 7th Edition Ivanic, R. and Lea, M. R. (2006). New contexts, new challenges: The teaching of writ-

ing in UK higher education. In Ganobcsik-Williams, Lisa ed. Teaching Academic Writing in UK Higher Education: Theories, Practices and Models. Universities into the 21st Century (Palgrave Macmillan)

Jahin, J. H. (2012). The Effect of Peer Reviewing on Writing Apprehension and Essay Writing Ability of Prospective EFL. Teachers Australian Journal of Teacher Education , 37–37

Lee, I. (2013). Becoming a writing teacher: using identity as an analytic lens to understand EFL writing teaching development. Journal of Second Language Writ- ing 22, 330–345

Li, L. (2011). A paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association

Lillis, T. and Scott, M. (2007). Definig academic literacy research: issues of epistemology, ideology & strategy. Journal of Applied Linguistics 4, 1–11

Martins, F., Peter, B., and Adeniji, I. A. (2007). Class factors as determinants of sec- ondary school students academic performance in Oyo State. Journal of Social Sciences 14, 243–247

Mccrimmon, M. (2005). High school writing practices in the age of standards: Implications for college composition. Teaching English in the Two Year College. Urbana 32, 248–260

Munro, J. (2003). Fostering literacy across the curriculum. International Journal of Learning 10

Muraina, M. B., Nyorere, I. O., Emana, I. E., and Muraina, K. O. (2014). Impact of note taking and study habit on academic performance among selected secondary school students in Ibadan. International Journal of Education and Research , 6–17

Oraif, I. M. (2016). The Right Approach in Practice: A Discussion of the Applica- bility of EFL Writing Practices in a Saudi Context. English Language Teaching. English Language Teaching 9, 97–102

Pallant, J. (2011). SPSS Survival Manual A Step by Step Guide to Data Analysis Using SPSS for Windows (Open University Press), 3 edn.

Sanchez, D. M. and Paulson, E. J. (2008). Teaching English in the two year College Sani, A. M. (2016). Academic Writing Essentials: A Guide for Postgraduate Students

Sarala, T., Fauziah, B. I., and Rahim, B. S. A. (2015). Role of Model Essays in Developing Students Writing Skills in Malaysian Schools: A Review of Literature

Steele, V. (2004). Product and process writing. Retrieved on 20th April. 2015 from writing/teaching-tips/product-process

Tabachnick, B. and Fidell, L. (2012). Using Multivariate Statistics (New York: Harper & Row). 6th edn

Umar, H. T. (2014). Creative writing. In Use of English for Proficiency, ed. S. S. B. . (Ilorin: Department of English Language, CAILS), 56–74

Article View

Abstract views : 30 times | PDF files viewed : 17 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics


Copyright (c) 2019 Rabiat Ajoke Alabere, Aspalila Shapii

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.