Rancang Bangun Alat Pengering Pelepah Pisang(Menggunakan Metode Controller Chien Regulator I dan Chien Servo I Sebagai Tuning Kontrol PI)

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21070/jeee-u.v2i1.1091

Author (s)


(1)  Irianto Irianto   (Program Studi D3 Teknik Elektro Industri Departemen Teknik Elektro Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya)  
        Indonesia
(2)  Suhariningsih Suhariningsih   (Program Studi D3 Teknik Elektro Industri Departemen Teknik Elektro Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya)  
        Indonesia
(3) * Viviana Ratna Dewanti   (Program Studi D3 Teknik Elektro Industri Departemen Teknik Elektro Politeknik Elektronika Negeri Surabaya)  
        Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Bananas provide many health benefits because they have enough vitamin A for daily body vitamins. Benefits of bananas are not only found in the fruit alone. Banana stem is rarely used because it is considered not to have more benefits and is only considered as waste. However, banana stem can be transformed into various forms of beautiful crafts and high economic value. Banana banana is dried first before being processed into various handicrafts. The process of drying banana is very dependent on the weather conditions and the heat of the sun. Conventional banana drying process takes approximately 70 hours with a solar temperature of about 40oC. The solution to this problem is, design and manufacture a microcontroller based banana bum dryer using PI control to regulate the temperature and utilize the heater as an alternative heat source. This PI control uses Chien Regulator I and Chien Servo I tuning methods. In this Final Project, temperature and banana moisture content is measured. The control will adjust the exhaust fan when the temperature read by LM35 is displayed on LCD 4x20 for temperature monitoring. To adjust the AC-AC voltage controller voltage on the heater, depending on the angle of ignition of the TCA785 IC. DAC of Microcontroller ATMega16 will convert the digital data released microcontroller into analog voltage. The Kp and Ki values used are Kp = 5 and Ki 0.625 using Chien Regulator I method and Kp = 4,126 and Ki 0.414 using Chien Servo I method The drying process takes 16 hours with water content of 4.76% at ± 65oC using Chien Servo I method because the temperature response is more stable.



Keywords

Banana stem; AC to AC Voltage Controller; IC TCA 785; LM35; Microcontroller ATMega16; Chien Regulator I; Chien Servo I



Full Text: PDF



References


[1] Henny Farida, “Alat Pengering Bahan Baku Jamu Tradisional”, Tugas Akhir Teknik Elektro Industri, PENS-ITS 2014.

[2] Nur Azizah, “Alat Pengering Keripik Gadung”, Tugas Akhir Teknik Elektro Industri, PENS 2015.

[3] Sofyan Muhammad Ilman, “Rancang Bangun Pengaturan Suhu Air Dispenser Dengan Kontrol PI”, Proyek Akhir Teknik Elektro Industri, PENS 2016.

[4] Widodo Budiharjo,2008,”Panduan Praktikum Mikrokontroller AVR ATMEGA16”. Jakarta : Elex Median Komputindo.

[5] Nina Marlina, “Konversi Data Hasil Analisis Proksimat Kedalam Bahan Segar ”, Balai Penelitian Ternak, Bogor 1999.

[6] Hart, Daniel W, 2010, “Power Electronics”. Indiana:Mc Graw Hill.

[7]https://www.google.com/search?q=tugas+akhir+pemanas&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8&aq =t&rls= org. mozilla :en-US:official&client=firefox-a&channel= fflb #channel =fflb&q= tugas +akhir + pemanas+buah.

[8]https://www.google.com/search?q=fungsi+adaptor&ie=utf-8&oe= utf-8&aq=t&rls= org. mozilla :en US:official&client=firefox-a.

[9]http://technologination.blogspot.co.id/2012/10/tutorial-sensor-suhu-dan-kelembaban.html

[10]http://elektronika-dasar.web.id/komponen/lcd-liquid-cristal-display-dot-matrix-2x16-m1632/.

[11]ttps://www.google.com/search?q=sistem+heater+pada+microwave&ie=utf-8&oe=utf &aq=t&rls=org.mozilla:enUS:official&client=firefox-a.

[12]http://www.artikel.abajadun.com/2012/08/kontroler-proporsional-integral- pi.html.


Article View

Abstract views : 55 times | PDF files viewed : 25 times

Dimensions, PlumX, and Google Scholar Metrics

10.21070/jeee-u.v2i1.1091


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 JEEE-U (Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering-UMSIDA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.