HUBUNGAN DAN KESAN KEPIMPINAN KENDIRI GURU TERHADAP GELAGAT KEWARGANEGARAAN ORGANISASI

Aini Marzita Mansor, Mohd. Hasani Dali

Abstract


Kualiti guru merupakan penentu utama kepada kecemerlangan murid dari segenap aspek kehidupan agar dapat bersaing di peringkat global. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti perhubungan dan kesan amalan Kepimpinan Kendiri ke atas tahap amalan Gelagat Kewarganegaraan Organisasi guru-guru di Malaysia dan Efikasi Kendiri sebagai pembolehubah pengantara (mediating variable). Kajian ini melibatkan guru-guru yang mengajar di Sekolah Rendah Berprestasi Tinggi di seluruh Malaysia dan seramai 40 orang guru sebagai responden telah dipilih secara rawak dari setiap sekolah. Data kuantitatif ini dianalisa menggunakan Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) dan Structural Equation Model (SEM). Kajian mendapati bahawa tahap amalan Kepimpinan Kendiri, Efikasi Kendiri dan Gelagat Kewarganegaraan Organisasi adalah tinggi dengan skor min melebihi 5.0. Analisis dapatan juga menunjukkan bahawa Kepimpinan Kendiri dan Efikasi Kendiri mempengaruhi Gelagat Kewarganegaraan Organisasi sehingga 20%. Dapatan kajian juga menunjukkan bahawa terdapatnya hubungan yang signifikan antara kedua-dua pemboleh ubah iaitu Kepimpinan Kendiri dan Efikasi Kendiri dengan Gelagat Kewarganegaraan Organisasi guru-guru tersebut. Efikasi Kendiri telah bertindak sebagai pembolehubah separa mediator dalam hubungan antara Kepimpinan Kendiri dan Gelagat Kewarganegaraan Organisasi. Kajian ini diharap dapat membantu melahirkan pelajar yang cemerlang dan seimbang dengan mengetengahkan kualiti guru yang diperlukan supaya mereka dapat menghasilkan murid yang cemerlang dari segenap aspek kehidupan, seiring dengan Falsafah Pendidikan Negara. Hal ini jelas kerana didapati bahawa kualiti guru memainkan peranan yang terpenting bagi menentukan kejayaan seseorang murid. Kajian ini juga diharapkan dapat memberi gambaran yang lebih jelas terhadap peranan dan tanggungjawab guru setelah mengamalkan Gelagat Kewarganegaraan Organisasi. Seterusnya dapat mengurangkan konflik yang timbul akibat daripada berlainan jangkaan dan harapan daripada pelbagai pihak berkepentingan terhadap tugas serta tanggungjawab guru di sekolah.

 


Keywords


Kepimpinan Kendiri; Gelagat Kewarganegaraan Organisasi; Prestasi murid; Kualiti guru

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad Tajuddin (1989). Perkembangan Kanak-kanak dan Pembelajaran. Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publication & Distributors Sdn. Bhd.

Anderson, N. & William.R (1996). A study of organizational citizenship behaviors in retail setting. Journal of Business Research, 58(2), 151-159.

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman.

Bandura, A. (Ed.) (1995). Self-efficacy In Changing Societies. New York: Cambridge University Press

Bandura, A. and Schunk, D. H. (1981). Cultivating competence, self-efficacy, and intrinsic interest through proximal self-motivation, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 41, 586-598.

Bandura, A., (2000). Cultivated self-efficacy for personal and organizational effectiveness. The Blackwell Handbook of Organizational Behavior. Oxford: Maiden. 120-136.

Barksdale, K. & Werner, J.M. (2001). Managerial ratings of in-role behaviors, OCB, and overall performance: testing different models of their relationship. Journal of Business Research, 51,145-155.

Bass.N.T (1985). Self-efficacy as a basis for career assessment. Journal of Career Assessment. 8(3): 205-219.

Bateman, T. S., & Organ, D. W. (1983). Job satisfaction and the good soldier: The relationship between affect and employee citizenship. Academy of Management Journal, 26(4), 587-595.

Bennet J.C. (1995). The importance of self- and shared leadership in team based knowledge work, Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(4), 296-318.

Blau, P. M., (1967), Exchange and Power in Social Life, John New York, Wiley & Sons, INC.

Borman W.C, & Motowidlo S.J. (1993). Expanding the criterion domain to include elements of contextual performance. In: Schmitt N, Borman WC, editors. Personnel Selection in Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, pp. 71- 98.

Boss, A.D. & Sims, H. (2008). Everyone fails! Using emotion regulation and self-leadership for recovery. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(2), 135-150.

Bossert, T. M., Lee, C., & Hui, C. (1982). Organizational level as a moderator of the relationship between justice perceptions and work related reactions. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27, 705–721.

Campbell J.P, McCloy RA, Oppler SH, Sager CE. (1993) A theory of performance. In: Schmitt N, Borman WC, editors. Personnel Selection in Organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 35-70.

Cavana, R. Y., Delahaye, B. L., & Sekaran, U. (2001). Applied business research: Qualitative and quantitative methods. New York: John Wiley &Sons.

De Bevoice D. J. (1984). Expanding the criterion domain? A quantitative review of the OCB literature. Journal of Applied Psychology, 92, 555–566.

Dean, A. (1985). Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York: Lyle Stuart.

Farh, J-L., Earley, P.C., & Lin, S-C. (1997). Impetus for action: A cultural analysis of justice and organizational citizenship behavior in Chinese society. Administrative Science Quartely, 43(3), 421-444.

Fullan, C. D. (1979). Antecedents and consequences of real-time affective reactions at work. Motivation and Emotion, 26, 3–30.

Greenfield, R.A. (1987), Leadership, self-management, and levels of analysis, in Dansereau, F. and Yammarino, F.J. (Eds), Leadership: The Multiple-Level Approaches, Classical and New Wave, JAI Press, Stanford, CT, pp. 213-9.

Gross, S. E., & Herriot, I. S. (1964). Self-management and self-leadership reexamined: A levels of analysis perspective. Leadership Quarterly, 6, 343-359.

Hair, F. J., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis (Sixth Ed.). New Jersey: Pearson International Edition.

Halinger K., (1992). Prediction of multidimensional criteria: Distinguishing task and contextual performance. Human Performance, 11, 305–319.

Hallinger, R. S. & Murphy, E.R. (1985). A meta-analysis of the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and counterproductive work behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 1241–1255.

Hallinger, R. S., & Taraseina R. R. (2001). Consequences of gainsharing: A field experiment revisited. Group & Organization Management,19, 87–111.

Hussein (1993). Kapasiti Kepimpinan: Perbandingan Pelaksanaannya Antara Sebuah Sekolah Rendah dengan Sekolah Menengah Bestari. Tesis SarjanaPendidikan, Universiti Malaya.

Jaafar Muhamad (1992). Kepimpinan pengajaran pengetua/guru-besar dan kepuasan guru. Disertasi Sarjana Pendidikan: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Kamaruddin Hanifah. (1989). A psychometric assessment of the Malay version of Meyer and Allen’s organization commitment measure. Malaysian Management Review, 32-39.

Keefe, H., & Jenkin, B. (1994). Managers’ coping resources, perceived organizational patterns, and responses during organizational recovery from decline. Journal of Organizational Behavior,20, 665–685.

Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia, 2012, Pendidikan kebangsaan melangkah ke hadapan.Diakses daripada http://www.google.com.my/ pada 14 Jun 2012.

Kidwell, R.E., Mossholder, K.W., & Bennett, N., (1997), Cohesiveness and Organizational Citizenship Behavoir: A Multilevel Analysis Using Work Groups and Individuals, Journal of Management, 23(6), 775-793.

Konradt, U., Andreben, P., & Ellwart, T. (2009). Self-leadership in organizational teams: A multilevel analysis of moderators and mediators. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 18(3), 322-346.

Krajewski, J., (1977). Promise breaking during radical organizational change: Do justice interventions make a difference? Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 469–488.

MacKenzie, S.B, Podsakoff, P.M, Ahearne, M. (1991) Some possible antecedents and consequences of in-role and extra-role salesperson performance. Journal of Marketing, 62(3),87- 98.

MacKenzie, S.B., Posdakoff, P.M.& Fetter. R., (1993). The impact of organizational citizenship behavior on evaluations of salesperson performance. Journal of Marketing, 57, 70-80.

Manz, C.C. (1992), Self-leadership . . . the heart of empowerment, The Journal for Quality and Participation,15,80-89.

Manz, C.C. and Neck, C.P. (2004), Mastering Self-Leadership: Empowering

Yourself for Personal Excellence, 3rd ed., Pearson Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.

Manz, C.C. and Sims, H.P. Jr (1980), Self-management as a substitute for leadership: a social learning perspective, Academy of Management Review, 5, 361

McNeely, B.L., & Meglino, B. M., (1994), The Role of Dispositional and Situational Antecedents in Prosocial Organizational Behavior: An Examination of the Intended Beneficiaries of Prosocial Behavoir, Journal of

Applied Psychology, 79 (6), 836-844.

Mohd. Majid Konting. (1994). Kaedah Penyelidikan Pendidikan. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka.

Moorman, R.H., (1991). Relationship between organizational justice and organizational citizenship behavior: do fairness perceptions influence employee citizenship? Journal of Applied Psychology, 76 (6), 845-855.

Neck, C.P. & Hunghton, J.D. (2006). Two decades pf self-leadership theory and research, past development, presents trends, and future possibilities. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(4), 270-295.

Neck, C.P., Ashcraft, R. & VanSandt, C. (1999), Employee self-leadership: enhancing the effectiveness of nonprofits, International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior, 1, 521-52.

Organ D.W, Konovsky M. (1989). Cognitive versus affective determinants of organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74(1), 157– 64.

Organ DW. (1990). the motivational basis of organizational citizenship behavior. Research in Organizational Behavior, 12, 43–72.

Organ, D.W. (1988). Organizational citizenship behavior: The good soldier syndrome. Lexington, MA: Lexington Book.

Paille, P. (2009). Assessing organizational citizenship behavior in the French Context: Evidence for the Four-Dimensional Model. The Journal of Psychology, 143(2), 133-146.

Peterson, E. L., (1987). A closer look at the effects of subordinate–supervisor age differences. Journal of OrganizationalBehavior, 20, 341–357.

Podsakoff, N.P., Whiting, S.W., Podsakoff, P.M., & Blume, B.D. (2000). Individual- and Organizational-Level consequences of organizational citizenship behaviors: A Meta Analysis, Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(1), 122-141.

Podsakoff, P. M., Ahearne, M., & MacKenzie, S. B., (1997), Organizational Citizenship Behavior and the Quantity and Quality of Work Group Performance., Journal of Applied Psychology, 82 (2), 262-270.

Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Lee, J.-Y., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioral research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. [Conceptual paper]. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(5), 879-903.

Podsakoff, P.M., Bogler, R. & Somech, A. (2009). Organizational citizenship behavior in school; How does it relate to participation in decision making? Journal of educational Administration, 43(4/5), 420-438.

Polat, S. (2009). OCB display levels of the teachers at secondary schools according to the perceptions of the school administrators. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1, 1591-1596.

Prussia, G.E., Anderson, J.S. and Manz, C.C. (1998), Self-leadership and performance outcomes: the mediating influence of self-efficacy, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 19(5), 523-538.

Robiah Sidin (1989). Asas Pentadbiran Pendidikan. Kuala Lumpur: Pustaka Cipta Sdn. Bhd.

Sergiovanni, G. L., (1987). The joint effects of conscientiousness and self-leadership training on self-directed behavior in a service setting. Personnel Psychology, 49, 143-164.

Shahril Marzuki (2000). Profil Sekolah Berkesan di Malaysia Berdasarkan Model Lima Faktor. Jurnal Pendidikan Jilid 18. Kuala Lumpur:Fakulti Pendidikan, Universiti Malaya.

Shahril@Charil (1997). Pekerja dan pekerjaan: Pendekatan psikologi personel Selangor: Penerbit Fajar Bakti Sdn. Bhd.

Skarlicki. D.P., & Latman, G. P., (1996), Increasing Citizenship Behaviour Within a Labor Union: A Test Organizational Theory, Journal of Applied Psychology, 81 (4), 421-435.

Smith, C.A., Organ, D.W., & Near, J.P. (1983). Organizational citizenship behavior: Its nature and antecedents. Journal of Applied Psychology, 68,653-663.

Smith, C.A., Organ, D.W., & Near, J.P. (1987). Organizational citizenship behavior: Its nature and antecedents. Journal of Applied Psychology, 68,653-663.

Smyth, C. L., (1989). Work status and organizational citizenship behavior: A field study of restaurant employees. Journal ofOrganizational Behavior, 22, 517–536.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using Multivariate Statistics(Fifth Ed.). Boston: Pearson International Edition.

Van Dyne, L.V.Graham, J.M., & Dienesch, R.M. (1994). Organizational

citizenship: Construct redefinition, measurement, and validation. Academy of Management Journal, 37,765-802.

Waldman D.A. (1994). The contributions of total quality management to a theory of work performance. Academic Management Review, 19,510-536.

Weldy, A. (1979). A new guide to rational living. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Welliseh, A. (1978). The basic clinical theory of rational-emotive therapy. New York, NY: Springer

Williams, L. J., Vandenberg, R. J., & Edwards, J. R. (2009). Structural Equation Modeling in Management Research: A Guide for Improved Analysis. [Conceptual paper]. The Academy of Management Annals, 3(1), 543-604.

Williams, L.J. & Anderson, S.E. (1991). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment as predictors of organizational citizenship and in-role behavior. Journal of Management, 17(3), 601-617.

Yun, S., Cox, J., & Sims, H.P. (2006). The forgotten follower: a contingency model of leadership and follower self-leaderaship. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 21(4), 374-388.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21070/picecrs.v1i1.548

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Proceedings of the ICECRS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.