Tang Swee Mei, Khulida Kirana Yahya, Lim Kong Teong


Kertas kerja ini bertujuan mengupas konsep dan beberapa perspektif budaya organisasi. Sunguhpun bidang kajian berkaitan dengan budaya organisasi sudah lama diterokai, namun kefahaman tentang budaya organisasi masih lagi kabur. Ini telah menyukarkan penyelidik membuat perbandingan hasil kajian mereka.


Budaya organisasi; konsep; perspektif

Full Text:



Armstrong, M. (2001). A handbook of human resource management practice (8th ed.). London: Kogan Page Limited.

Cooke, R. A., & Rousseau, D. M. (1988). Behavioral norms and expectations: A quantitative approach to the assessment of organizational culture. Group & Organization Studies, 13(3), 245-273.

Cooke, R. A., & Szumal, J. L. (2000). Using the Organizational Culture Inventory to understand the operating cultures of organizations. In N. M.

Ashkanasy & C. P. M. Wilderom & M. F. Peterson (Eds.), Handbook of organizational culture and climate (pp. 147-162). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc.

Deal, T., & Kennedy, A. (1982). Corporate culture: The rites and rituals of corporate life. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Denison, D. R. (1990). Corporate culture and organizational effectiveness. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Dickson, M. W., Aditya, R. N., & Chhokar, J. S. (2000). Definition and interpretation in cross-cultural organiztional culture research: Some pointers from the GLOBE research program. In N. M. Ashkanasy & C. P. M. Wilderom & M. F. Peterson (Eds.), Handbook of organizational culture and climate (pp. 447-464). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication.

Hatch, M. J. (1997). Organization theory: Modern, symbolic, and postmodern perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.

Hofstede, G. (1980). Culture's consequences: International differences in work-related values. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Hofstede, G. (1991). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind.

London: McGraw-Hill.

Hofstede, G., Neuijen, B., Ohayv, D. D., & Sanders, G. (1990). Measuring organizational cultures: A qualitative and quantitative study across twenty cases. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35(2), 286-316.

Hofstede, G., & Peterson, M. F. (2000). Culture: National values and organizational practices. In N. M. Ashkanasy & C. P. M. Wilderom & M. F. Peterson (Eds.), Handbook of organizational culture and climate (pp. 401-415). Thousand Oaks: Sage Publication.

House, R. J., & Javidan, M. (2004). Overview of GLOBE. In R. J. House & P.J. Hanges & M. Javidan & P.W. Dorfman & V. Gupta (Eds.), Culture, leadership, and organizations: The GLOBE study of 62 societies. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publication.

Katz, D., & Kahn, R. L. (1978). The social psychology of organizations (2nd ed.). New York: John Wiley & Son.

Kotter, J. P., & Heskett, J. L. (1992). Corporate culture and performance. New York, NY: The Free Press.

Lau, C. M., & Ngo, H. Y. (2004). The HR system, organizational culture, and product innovation. International Business Review, 13(6), 685-703.

Martin, J. (1992). Cultures in organizations: Three perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.

O'Reilly, C. A. I., Chatman, J., & Caldwell, D. F. (1991). People and organizational culture: A profile comparison approach to assessing person-organization fit. Academy of Management Journal, 34(3), 487-516.

Pettigrew, A. M. (1979). On studying organizational cultures. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24(4), 570-581.

Pool, S. W. (2000). Organizational culture and its relationship between job tension in measuring outcomes among business executives. The Journal of Management Development, 19(1), 32-48.

Reynolds, P. D. (1986). Organizational culture as related to industry, position and performance: A preliminary report. Journal of Management Studies, 23(3), 333-345.

Rousseau, D. M. (1990). Assessing organizational culture: The case for multiple methods. In B. Schneider (Ed.), Organizational climate and culture (pp. 153-192). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Schein, E. H. (1992). Organizational culture and leadership (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Schein, E. H. (2004). Organizational culture and leadership (3rd ed.). San Francisco, C.A: Jossey-Bass.

Schneider, B., Goldstein, H. W., & Smith, D. B. (1995). The ASA framework: An update. Personnel Psychology, 48(4), 747-773.

Silverthorne, C. (2004). The impact of organizational culture and person-organization fit on organizational commitment and job satisfaction in Taiwan. Leadership & organization Development Journal, 25(7), 592-599.

Van den Berg, P. T., & Wilderom, C. P. M. (2004). Defining, measuring, and comparing organizational cultures. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 53(4), 570-582.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21070/picecrs.v1i1.534


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Proceedings of the ICECRS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.